The United Nations Support Mission for Libya is a special political mission established in 2011 by the UN Security Council in its Resolution 2009 (September 2011) at the request of the Libyan authorities following six months of armed conflict to support the country's new transitional authorities in their post-conflict efforts. All UN activities for the Libyan people are guided by the principle of national ownership.
The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), under the leadership of a Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), supported by a Deputy SRSG, was mandated for an initial period of three months and extended for another three months thereafter. The Security Council, in its Resolution 2022 (December 2011), expanded the Mission’s mandate. The mandate was further modified when the Security Council extended the Mission for 12 more months in Resolution 2040 (12 March 2012). On 14 March 2014, Resolution 2144 extended the mandate for an additional 12 months.
The Mission is overseen by the United Nations’ Department of Political Affairs, which provides guidance and operational assistance. UNSMIL has its headquarters in the Libyan capital of Tripoli, with offices in Benghazi and Sabha.
UNSMIL has substantive staff in political affairs, human rights, transitional justice, mine action, demobilization, development, women empowerment, public information and communication, as well as support services staff. There are 205 national and international staff members in UNSMIL (January 2013).
(For more details see UNSMIL Mandate)