The National Conference (NC) aims to agree a consensual position to address the causes of Libya’s longstanding political impasse and to produce an electoral roadmap.NC participants will discuss and, if appropriate, agree a draft national charter underlining the basic principles shared by the Libyan people.
Participants will also discuss the constitutional framework for elections and the current referendum law as well as needed economic measures, the fair distribution of resources, decentralization, and combatting corruption
The political roadmap will chart a way forward to end Libya’s eight-year-long transitional period through unifying the country’s institutions (executive, legislative, security and economic) and paving the way (including identifying a date) for inclusive, free and fair elections.
The National Conference will not constitute another body/institution added to the existing bodies/institutions in Libya. Following the agreement on the Road Map, parliamentary and presidential elections are expected to take place later this year.
Participation (and selection mechanism)
The National Conference will bring together representatives from across the political, and social spectrum in Libya, including representatives of the House of Representatives, the High Council of State, the Presidency Council, in addition to the Libyan National Army, armed groups, military councils, political blocs, representatives of the former regime, cities and towns, civil society as well as youth and women groups.
The event will be attended exclusively by Libyans numbering between (120 -150). There will be no foreign participants at the event, beyond the United Nations staff members organizing the event.
Inputs and outcomes of the National Conference
Since the launch of the UN Action Plan in September 2017, the Special Representative for the Secretary-General for Libya and UNSMIL have gathered hundreds of proposals and heard from tens of thousands of people from all of Libya’s many constituencies and those living abroad. These inputs have been made through direct meetings, correspondence, townhall events, roundtables between Libyan parties and institutions, focus groups and the National Conference’s consultative process, which saw 77 meetings in 55 cities and towns inside and outside the country.
Using these proposals, and through UNSMIL’s own deliberations, we have produced a limited number of proposals to end the Transitional Period which will be presented for discussion at and potentially adopted by the National Conference.
Guarantees for the implementation of the National Conference Outcomes
The outcomes of the National Conference will be charted and agreed upon by the Libyans participating in the Conference. The participants are also the main guarantors of the National Conference outcomes and should be their main defenders. The United Nations, and the international community will support and accompany the implementation process of the NC outcomes, and will be ready to take all necessary measures against potential obstructionists.