The Security Council adopted its resolution 2656 on 28 October 2022 by which it renewed the mandate of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) through 31 October 2023, as set out in resolution 2542 (2020) and paragraph 16 of resolution 2570 (2021).

The Security Council, in resolution 2542 (2020), tasked UNSMIL, as an integrated special political mission, in full accordance with the principles of national ownership, to exercise mediation and through its good offices to:

  • Further an inclusive political process and security and economic dialogue.
  • Further the continued implementation of the Libya Political Agreement.
  • Help consolidate the governance, security, and economic arrangements of the Government of Libya, including support for economic reform in collaboration with international financial institutions.
  • Help to achieve a ceasefire and, once it is agreed by the Libyan parties, provide appropriate support to its implementation.
  • Support subsequent phases of the Libyan transition process, including the constitutional process and the organization of elections.
  • Coordinate and engage closely with international actors, including neighboring countries and regional organizations.
  • Provide support to key Libyan institutions.
  • Support, on request, the provision of essential services and delivery of humanitarian assistance, including in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, in accordance with humanitarian principles.
  • Monitor and report abuses and violations of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, including sexual violence in conflict, notably through the effective deployment of women and child protection advisers.
  • Provide support in securing uncontrolled arms and related materiel and countering their proliferation.
  • Co-ordinate international assistance, and provision of advice and assistance to Government-led efforts to stabilize post-conflict zones, including those liberated from Da'esh.

On 16 April 2021, the Security Council, through resolution 2570 (2021), tasked UNSMIL to provide support to the Libyan-led and Libyan-owned ceasefire monitoring mechanism including through the facilitation of confidence-building measures and the scalable and incremental deployment of UNSMIL ceasefire monitors once conditions allow.