Strengthened rule of law institutions and transitional justice processes

UNSMIL will support the development of non-discriminatory, enforceable and monitorable legal and policy frameworks by legitimate authorities to promote rule of law in Libya, in line with international human rights norms and standards.

Supporting a transitional justice process through:

  • Supporting a rights-based, inclusive, victim-centred multi-faceted approach to reconciliation which identifies and addresses the roots of conflict, and advocates for a transparent and participatory process, grounded in transitional justice principles.
  • Strengthening technical support to the rule of law and criminal justice actors to enhance their capacity to conduct investigations, prosecutions and adjudication, including the capacity to administer justice for women and girls in Libya in accordance with national commitments on international human rights norms and standards.
  • Offering technical support to the judicial leadership, the judiciary and prosecutorial system to support reconciliation.

Promoting the rule of law and working to align Libyan legislation with international standards and norms through:

  • Providing technical expertise and advisory support on the enactment and implementation by elected authorities of legal and policy frameworks to promote the rule of law.
  • Advocating for the institutionalization of systems, policies, procedures and mechanisms related to the protection and empowerment of women and female victims of violence, as well as to women's access to equitable justice, and the prioritization of the protection of women's and children's rights.
  • Strengthening the core capabilities of rule of law institutions to successfully investigate, prosecute, adjudicate, and prevent abuse and violations of human rights and drive a transitional justice process, while the monitoring and reporting capabilities of civil society organizations are enhanced to help hold perpetrators accountable under national and international law.Specific commitmens

Promoting a rights-based approach and monitoring of human rights violations through:

  • Supporting authorities to ensure that an inclusive, rights-based and victim-centered approach is embedded in their implementation of the transitional justice and reconciliation process, including through the formation of a national truth and reconciliation commission.
  • Monitoring and documenting human rights violations and abuses. Fact-finding and monitoring missions looking at the human rights situation will be conducted, including monitoring and reporting abuses and violations of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, inclusive of sexual violence in conflict, and protecting women and children.
  • Monitoring violations of the fundamental right to freedom of expression, opinion, association, peaceful assembly, and movement and restrictions faced by civil society and humanitarian actors.
  • Promoting a civic space where all Libyans are be able to express themselves freely, without fear of reprisal.
  • Advocating for those persons arbitrarily detained and asking for their immediate and unconditional release.